QUESTION 238 Joe, a user, wants to send Ann, another user, a confidential document electronically. Which of the following should Joe do to ensure the document is protected from eavesdropping?
A. Encrypt it with Joe’s private key B. Encrypt it with Joe’s public key C. Encrypt it with Ann’s private key D. Encrypt it with Ann’s public key
QUESTION 239 A director of IR is reviewing a report regarding several recent breaches. The director compiles the following statistic’s – Initial IR engagement time frame – Length of time before an executive management notice went out – Average IR phase completion The director wants to use the data to shorten the response time. Which of the following would accomplish this?
A. CSIRT B. Containment phase C. Escalation notifications D. Tabletop exercise
QUESTION 240 To reduce disk consumption, an organization’s legal department has recently approved a new policy setting the data retention period for sent email at six months. Which of the following is the BEST way to ensure this goal is met?
A. Create a daily encrypted backup of the relevant emails. B. Configure the email server to delete the relevant emails. C. Migrate the relevant emails into an “Archived” folder. D. Implement automatic disk compression on email servers.
QUESTION 241 A security administrator is configuring a new network segment, which contains devices that will be accessed by external users, such as web and FTP server. Which of the following represents the MOST secure way to configure the new network segment?
A. The segment should be placed on a separate VLAN, and the firewall rules should be configured to allow external traffic. B. The segment should be placed in the existing internal VLAN to allow internal traffic only. C. The segment should be placed on an intranet, and the firewall rules should be configured to allow external traffic. D. The segment should be placed on an extranet, and the firewall rules should be configured to allow both internal and external traffic.
QUESTION 242 Which of the following types of attacks precedes the installation of a rootkit on a server?
A. Pharming B. DDoS C. Privilege escalation D. DoS
QUESTION 243 Which of the following cryptographic algorithms is irreversible?
A. RC4 B. SHA-256 C. DES D. AES
QUESTION 244 A security analyst receives an alert from a WAF with the following payload: var data= “<test test test>” ++ <../../../../../../etc/passwd>” Which of the following types of attacks is this?
QUESTION 245 A workstation puts out a network request to locate another system. Joe, a hacker on the network, responds before the real system does, and he tricks the workstation into communicating with him. Which of the following BEST describes what occurred?
A. The hacker used a race condition. B. The hacker used a pass-the-hash attack. C. The hacker-exploited importer key management. D. The hacker exploited weak switch configuration.
QUESTION 246 Audit logs from a small company’s vulnerability scanning software show the following findings: Destinations scanned: -Server001- Internal human resources payroll server -Server101- Internet-facing web server -Server201- SQL server for Server101 -Server301- Jumpbox used by systems administrators accessible from the internal network Validated vulnerabilities found: -Server001- Vulnerable to buffer overflow exploit that may allow attackers to install software -Server101- Vulnerable to buffer overflow exploit that may allow attackers to install software -Server201- OS updates not fully current -Server301- Accessible from internal network without the use of jumpbox -Server301- Vulnerable to highly publicized exploit that can elevate user privileges Assuming external attackers who are gaining unauthorized information are of the highest concern, which of the following servers should be addressed FIRST?
A. Server001 B. Server101 C. Server201 D. Server301
QUESTION 247 A security analyst wants to harden the company’s VoIP PBX. The analyst is worried that credentials may be intercepted and compromised when IP phones authenticate with the BPX. Which of the following would best prevent this from occurring?
A. Implement SRTP between the phones and the PBX. B. Place the phones and PBX in their own VLAN. C. Restrict the phone connections to the PBX. D. Require SIPS on connections to the PBX.
QUESTION 248 An organization is comparing and contrasting migration from its standard desktop configuration to the newest version of the platform. Before this can happen, the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) voices the need to evaluate the functionality of the newer desktop platform to ensure interoperability with existing software in use by the organization. In which of the following principles of architecture and design is the CISO engaging?
A. Dynamic analysis B. Change management C. Baselining D. Waterfalling
QUESTION 249 A security administrator suspects a MITM attack aimed at impersonating the default gateway is underway. Which of the following tools should the administrator use to detect this attack? (Select two.)
A. Ping B. Ipconfig C. Tracert D. Netstat E. Dig F. Nslookup
QUESTION 250 A user is presented with the following items during the new-hire onboarding process: – Laptop – Secure USB drive – Hardware OTP token – External high-capacity HDD – Password complexity policy – Acceptable use policy – HASP key – Cable lock Which of the following is one component of multifactor authentication?
A. Secure USB drive B. Cable lock C. Hardware OTP token D. HASP key
QUESTION 227 An audit takes place after company-wide restricting, in which several employees changed roles. The following deficiencies are found during the audit regarding access to confidential data:
Which of the following would be the BEST method to prevent similar audit findings in the future?
A. Implement separation of duties for the payroll department. B. Implement a DLP solution on the payroll and human resources servers. C. Implement rule-based access controls on the human resources server. D. Implement regular permission auditing and reviews.
QUESTION 228 A security engineer is configuring a wireless network that must support mutual authentication of the wireless client and the authentication server before users provide credentials. The wireless network must also support authentication with usernames and passwords. Which of the following authentication protocols MUST the security engineer select?
A. EAP-FAST B. EAP-TLS C. PEAP D. EAP
QUESTION 229 A system’s administrator has finished configuring firewall ACL to allow access to a new web answer. PERMIT TCP from: ANY to: 192.168.1.10:80 PERMIT TCP from: ANY to: 192.168.1.10:443 DENY TCP from: ANY to: ANY The security administrator confirms form the following packet capture that there is network traffic from the internet to the web server: TCP 10.23.243.2:2000->192.168.1.10:80 POST/default’s TCP 172.16.4.100:1934->192.168.1.10:80 GET/session.aspx?user_1_sessionid= a12ad8741d8f7e7ac723847aa8231a The company’s internal auditor issues a security finding and requests that immediate action be taken. With which of the following is the auditor MOST concerned?
A. Misconfigured firewall B. Clear text credentials C. Implicit deny D. Default configuration
QUESTION 230 Which of the following vulnerability types would the type of hacker known as a script kiddie be MOST dangerous against?
A. Passwords written on the bottom of a keyboard B. Unpatched exploitable Internet-facing services C. Unencrypted backup tapes D. Misplaced hardware token
QUESTION 231 A company hired a third-party firm to conduct as assessment of vulnerabilities exposed to the Internet. The firm informs the company that an exploit exists for an FTP server that has a version installed from eight years ago. The company has decided to keep the system online anyway, as no upgrade exists from the vendor. Which of the following BEST describes the reason why the vulnerability exists?
A. Default configuration B. End-of-life C. Weak cipher suite D. Zero-day threats
QUESTION 232 An in-house penetration tester is using a packet capture device to listen in on network communications. This is an example of:
A. Passive reconnaissance B. Persistence C. Escalation of privileges D. Exploiting the switch
QUESTION 233 A black hat hacker is enumerating a network and wants to remain convert during the process. The hacker initiates a vulnerability scan. Given the task at hand the requirement of being convert, which of the following statements BEST indicates that the vulnerability scan meets these requirements?
A. The vulnerability scanner is performing an authenticated scan. B. The vulnerability scanner is performing local file integrity checks. C. The vulnerability scanner is performing in network sniffer mode. D. The vulnerability scanner is performing banner grabbing.
QUESTION 234 A development team has adopted a new approach to projects in which feedback is iterative and multiple iterations of deployments are provided within an application’s full life cycle. Which of the following software development methodologies is the development team using?
A. Waterfall B. Agile C. Rapid D. Extreme
QUESTION 235 A Chief Executive Officer (CEO) suspects someone in the lab testing environment is stealing confidential information after working hours when no one else is around. Which of the following actions can help to prevent this specific threat?
A. Implement time-of-day restrictions. B. Audit file access times. C. Secretly install a hidden surveillance camera. D. Require swipe-card access to enter the lab.
QUESTION 236 A company hires a third-party firm to conduct an assessment of vulnerabilities exposed to the Internet. The firm informs the company that an exploit exists for an FTP server that had a version installed from eight years ago. The company has decided to keep the system online anyway, as no upgrade exists form the vendor. Which of the following BEST describes the reason why the vulnerability exists?
A. Default configuration B. End-of-life system C. Weak cipher suite D. Zero-day threats
QUESTION 237 An organization uses SSO authentication for employee access to network resources. When an employee resigns, as per the organization’s security policy, the employee’s access to all network resources is terminated immediately. Two weeks later, the former employee sends an email to the help desk for a password reset to access payroll information from the human resources server. Which of the following represents the BEST course of action?
A. Approve the former employee’s request, as a password reset would give the former employee access to only the human resources server. B. Deny the former employee’s request, since the password reset request came from an external email address. C. Deny the former employee’s request, as a password reset would give the employee access to all network resources. D. Approve the former employee’s request, as there would not be a security issue with the former employee gaining access to network.